G20能源和环境部长会议未能就控制全球温升目标和淘汰煤电的进程达成一致

文章来源:央广、新华、路透碳交易网2021-07-24 23:01

当地时间23日,二十国集团能源和环境部长会议在意大利那不勒斯结束。会议通过了关于能源和气候问题的公报,但关于欧美、日本和加拿大提出的在2030年前把气候变暖控制在1.5度以内,和在2025年实现能源生产零碳化的目标,各方未能达成一致。
 
  当天会议讨论的重点是气候和能源问题。轮值主席国意大利生态转型部长琴格拉尼在会后的新闻发布会上表示,与会各方达成了包含58点内容的公报,就加速向清洁能源过渡、为落实《巴黎协定》承诺提供相应资金、适应并减轻气候变化的影响、分享成功技术实践、韧性和智慧城市等内容达成了共识。各方还同意在二十国集团峰会期间继续讨论控制气候变暖和能源生产零碳化问题。
 
  琴格拉尼说,这是二十国集团首次在会议中同时讨论气候和能源问题,并达成了史无前例的协议。(总台记者 殷欣)(中央广电总台央视新闻客户端)
 
 
 
No agreement on global temperature target among G20 energy-environment ministers
Source: Xinhua| 2021-07-24
 
 
ROME, July 23 (Xinhua) -- Energy and environment ministers of the G20 group closed a two-day meeting with a 58-article final communique on Friday, but without an agreement on a specific commitment related to global temperature target, the G20 Italian presidency said.
 
At the end of the summit held in the southern city of Naples, Italy's Ecological Transition Minister Roberto Cingolani said the G20 group -- which represents the 20 countries with the largest economies in the world -- was unable to find a wording related to the climate change commitment that could satisfy everyone.
 
Therefore, of 60 issues related to climate, energy, and environmental protection discussed by the ministers, two were left out from the communique and would be referred to the G20 head of state and government summit later this year.
 
The most critical point concerned the commitment set by the Paris Agreement to hold global temperature rise to "below 2 degrees Celsius" in the second half of this century to fight climate change, Cingolani told a press conference broadcast live.
 
Some of the G20 countries would rather push further and commit to remaining within 1.5 degrees Celsius of temperature increase, which would imply accelerating the decarbonization process.
 
"Many countries are reflecting on speeding up (on this goal) during the current decade," Cingolani said.
 
"Some other countries' economies however still rely on heavy carbon industries and the idea of accelerating the phasing out 2025 and all the other phasing outs on fossil sources is extremely difficult for them."
 
"We had very long negotiations ... in the end, we were able to limit to two points (of disagreement) only. With two out of 60 paragraphs (left out), we have reached a good result," he explained.
 
Addressing reporters, Cingolani pointed out that -- despite the lack of agreement on the temperature issue -- no country at the meeting put the climate change target in doubt.
 
"The obstacle lies in the timeline (of decarbonization) ... Yet, I can assure you that no country has put the Paris Agreement into question," Cingolani stressed.
 
After their first day of talks on Thursday, the G20 ministers had unveiled a seven-page communique on the environment only, which addressed various topics including intensifying actions to preserve and restore oceans and seas, promoting sustainable use of water, and renewing efforts on marine plastic litter.
 
 
 
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UPDATE 2-G20 fails to agree on climate goals in communique
 
 
By Gavin Jones
 
NAPLES, July 23 (Reuters) - Energy and environment ministers from the Group of 20 rich nations have failed to agree on the wording of key climate change commitments in their final communique, Italy's Ecological Transition Minister Roberto Cingolani said on Friday.
 
The G20 meeting was seen as a decisive step ahead of United Nations climate talks, known as COP 26, which take place in 100 days' time in Glasgow in November.
 
The failure to agree common language ahead of that gathering is likely to be seen as a setback to hopes of securing a meaningful accord in Scotland.
 
Cingolani told reporters that the ministers could not agree on two disputed issues which would now have to be discussed at a G20 summit in Rome in October.
 
"Commitments made today lack substance and ambition. It is now up to G20 heads of state and government to discard this document at the October leaders' summit," said online activist network Avaaz.
 
Italy holds the rotating presidency of the G20, and Cingolani, as chairman of the two-day gathering, said negotiations with China, Russia and India had proved especially tough.
 
Cingolani said that in the end China and India had declined to sign the two contested points.
 
One of these was phasing out coal power, which most countries wanted to achieve by 2025 but some said would be impossible for them.
 
The other concerned the wording surrounding a 1.5-2 degree Celsius limit on global temperature increases that was set by the 2015 Paris Agreement.
 
Average global temperatures have already risen by more than 1 degree compared to the pre-industrial baseline used by scientists and are on track to exceed the 1.5-2 degree ceiling.
 
"Some countries wanted to go faster than what was agreed in Paris and to aim to cap temperatures at 1.5 degrees within a decade, but others, with more carbon based economies, said let's just stick to what was agreed in Paris," Cingolani said.
 
The final communique, which had been due to be published on Friday, would probably not now be released until Saturday, he added.
 
Ahead of COP 26, environmental activists had hoped that the G20 gathering would lead to a strengthening of climate targets, new commitments on climate financing, and an increase in countries committing to net zero emissions by 2050.
 
"The G20 is failing to deliver. Italy's G20 tagline is 'People, Planet, Prosperity', but today the G20 is delivering 'Pollution, Poverty and Paralysis," said Avaaz.
 
Cingolani said the G20 had made no new financial commitments, but added that Italy would increase its own climate financing for underdeveloped countries.
 
The urgency of climate action has been brought home this month by deadly floods in Europe, fires in the United States and sweltering temperatures in Siberia, but countries remain at odds over how to pay for costly policies to reduce global warming.
 
Despite the two points of disagreement, Cingolani said the G20 had put together a 58-point communique and that all the countries agreed that decarbonisation was a necessary goal.
 
"This is the first time that the G20 has accepted that climate and energy policies are closely interconnected," he said when asked which aspect of the package he was most pleased with.
 
"What happened today would have been unthinkable four months ago," he added.
 
Ahead of the full communique, the Italian presidency released a summary of the deal, under headings such as "the fight against climate change," "clean energy", "climate financing, "research and development" and "smart cities."
 
It referred to a 2009 accord that developed nations should together contribute $100 billion each year by 2020 in climate finance to poorer countries, many of which are grappling with rising seas, storms and droughts made worse by climate change. That target has yet to be met.
 
Nonetheless the Italian presidency summary said the pledge "remains central", and there was "a commitment to increase contributions every year until 2025". (Editing by Barbara Lewis, Crispian Balmer and Giles Elgood)

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