西班牙批准氢能源战略以刺激低碳经济

文章来源:中国石化新闻网碳交易网2020-10-09 08:33

    据管道&天然气杂志网10月7日马德里路透社报道,西班牙周二批准了一项促进清洁氢生产的计划,旨在建设足够的基础设施,使其在欧洲市场上发挥重要作用,以获得被视为实现国际碳排放目标关键的燃料。
 
    欧盟正在努力发展其利用可再生能源生产氢的能力,这种氢在重工业中被广泛使用,目前这种生产成本过高。
 
    西班牙希望其发达的天然气储存和运输系统,加上充足的阳光和多风的山坡,使其成为可再生能源工厂的主要基地,最终将帮助该国生产足够的燃料用于出口。
 
    据马德里估算,未来10年,其氢能源计划将耗资89亿欧元(合105亿美元)。预计这些资金大部分将来自私营部门,但也可能支持创造就业机会的项目。
 
    西班牙能源和环境部在一份声明中表示,到2030年,西班牙计划安装4吉瓦的电解槽,将水分解为氢和氧,这相当于欧盟在整个欧盟地区40吉瓦的目标的十分之一。
 
    其计划在2024年之前以300-600兆瓦的功率运行。到那时,欧盟有望达到6吉瓦。
 
    该计划将以可再生能源的方式取代工业每年消耗的近50万吨化石氢中的四分之一,并将数千辆氢动力汽车投入西班牙的公路和铁路。
 
    法国已承诺在未来两年内为氢能项目投入20亿欧元,而工业强国德国已承诺到2030年投入90亿欧元。
 
    西班牙本土能源巨头Iberdrola正在西班牙一座前煤矿城镇附近建设一个被称为欧洲最大的此类工业项目,耗资1.5亿欧元。
 
    与此同时,油气集团雷普索尔(Repsol)计划与沙特阿美合作,在其位于西班牙北部的炼油厂使用绿色氢气生产合成燃料。
 
    郝芬 译自 管道&天然气杂志网
 
    原文如下:
 
    Spain Approves Hydrogen Strategy to Spur Low-Carbon Economy
 
    Spain approved on Tuesday a plan to boost clean hydrogen production, aiming to build enough infrastructure to give it a major role in Europe's market for a fuel seen as key to meeting international carbon emissions targets.
 
    The European Union is pushing to develop its capacity to produce hydrogen, widely used in heavy industry, from renewable power sources, currently a prohibitively expensive process.
 
    Spain hopes its well-developed gas storage and transport system, combined with the plentiful sunshine and windy hillsides that make it a prime location for renewable energy plants, will eventually help it make enough of the fuel to export.
 
    Madrid calculates that its hydrogen ambitions will cost 8.9 billion euros ($10.5 billion) over the next 10 years. It expects most of this to come from the private sector but may support projects that create jobs.
 
    By 2030, Spain aims to install 4 gigawatts-worth of the electrolyzers needed to split water into hydrogen and oxygen, one tenth of the EU's target for 40 gigawatts across the bloc, the energy and environment ministry said in a statement.
 
    It intends to hit the ground running with 300-600 MW by 2024. The EU wants 6 gigawatts by then.
 
    The plan is to replace a quarter of the almost 500,000 tonnes of fossil-based hydrogen consumed by industry every year with the renewably-sourced version, and put thousands of hydrogen-powered vehicles on Spain's roads and railways.
 
    France has pledged 2 billion euros for hydrogen projects over the next two years, while industrial powerhouse Germany has earmarked 9 billion euros by 2030.
 
    Homegrown energy giant Iberdrola is building what it describes as Europe's biggest such project for industrial use near a former coal-mining town in Spain, for 150 million euros.
 
    Oil and gas group Repsol, meanwhile, plans to produce synthetic fuels using green hydrogen at its northern Spanish refinery in partnership with Saudi oil giant Saudi Aramco.

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